Sign Change

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gabriel.01
PLS Junior User
Posts: 2
Joined: Sat Jun 22, 2024 6:08 pm
Real name and title: Gabriel

Sign Change

Post by gabriel.01 »

Hello everyone,

I have the following question: In SmartPLS 3, when performing the bootstrapping procedure, there were many possibilities for the "sign change." In the German version of the Book A Primer on PLS-SEM (Hair et al. 2017), the "no sign change" option was advised. However, in the newest English version of the book (Hair et al. 2022), I cannot find any information about this. Furthermore, in SmartPLS 4, there is not even the possibility to choose an option to deal with sign change. Does someone know which option is preset? Is there a source that states that?

Thank you in advance!

Best regards
Gabriel
jmbecker
SmartPLS Developer
Posts: 1293
Joined: Tue Mar 28, 2006 11:09 am
Real name and title: Dr. Jan-Michael Becker

Re: Sign Change

Post by jmbecker »

Research had shown that using sign change methods produces incorrect results in some situations and is rarely helpful. Therefore, SmartPLS has long abandoned all sign change options (since 2018). Thus, it is basically always using "no sign change".
Dr. Jan-Michael Becker, BI Norwegian Business School, SmartPLS Developer
Researchgate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jan_Michael_Becker
GoogleScholar: http://scholar.google.de/citations?user ... AAAJ&hl=de
gabriel.01
PLS Junior User
Posts: 2
Joined: Sat Jun 22, 2024 6:08 pm
Real name and title: Gabriel

Re: Sign Change

Post by gabriel.01 »

Thank you for your response - I really appreciate it.
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