How to model Control Variables in SmartPLS3

Small talk on SmartPLS that does not correspond to the other forums!
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PLS Junior User
Posts: 1
Joined: Sun Oct 06, 2019 3:15 pm
Real name and title: Snezhina Milusheva

How to model Control Variables in SmartPLS3

Post by snezhina » Sun Oct 06, 2019 3:25 pm


I am very new to SmartPLS3 but need to use it for my bachelor thesis. I am replicating a study that used it, otherwise I would not use such a complex method.

The original study included 5 control variables such as age, gender, number of friends, and 2 other variables measured on a 7-Likert scale.
How can I model them in SmartPLS3?

I would be very grateful for any help!

Snezhina, TU of Munich

SmartPLS Developer
Posts: 1079
Joined: Tue Mar 28, 2006 11:09 am
Real name and title: Dr. Jan-Michael Becker

Re: How to model Control Variables in SmartPLS3

Post by jmbecker » Thu Oct 10, 2019 8:55 am

First, it would be a good idea to use the search function. I'm pretty sure that are several discussions about control variables in PLS here.

Then to provide a quick answer: People usually add them as single-indicator constructs (i.e., directly observed variables) into their model.
Dr. Jan-Michael Becker, University of Cologne, SmartPLS Developer
GoogleScholar: ... AAAJ&hl=de

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