Second-order-construct with a manifest indicator

Frequently asked questions about PLS path modeling.
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PLS Junior User
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Joined: Mon Apr 26, 2021 2:25 pm
Real name and title: Robert Fannster

Second-order-construct with a manifest indicator

Post by RobertFan »

Dear all,

I have modelled an exogenous construct as a second-order construct with five latent variables.Since the number of indicators for each latent variable varies (between 3 and 8 indicators), the two-stage approach should be applied, otherwise the relationships between the first-order constructs and the second-order construct will be distorted, right?

Now to the actual question: For my second-order construct, I have additionally measured a manifest indicator. Can I somehow integrate this indicator into the analysis? Or can second-order constructs only be modelled as latent variables without manifest indicators?

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