negative outer loadings

Frequently asked questions about PLS path modeling.
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Ingrid Snijders
PLS User
Posts: 14
Joined: Sat Jul 02, 2016 2:25 pm
Real name and title: drs Ingrid Snijders

negative outer loadings

Post by Ingrid Snijders » Sat Jul 02, 2016 2:37 pm

Hello, what does an indicator's negative outer loading imply? How to interpret and how to follow rules of thumb such as the threshold value of .60 (exploratory research)

PLS Expert User
Posts: 116
Joined: Fri Sep 12, 2014 2:12 pm
Real name and title: Jan Schreier

Re: negative outer loadings

Post by janschreier » Sun Jul 03, 2016 9:59 am

Hi Ingrid,

could be that the scale of the indicators is reversed (e. g. all scales from 1 = good to 5= bad, and for those negative ones (5=good, and 1 = bad) or that you are having problems with multicollinarity (use the forum's search for that topic).

hope that helps!

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