### Moderating Effects and two concept questions

Posted:

**Wed Dec 14, 2005 7:56 pm**Hi, there

In terms of the Moderating Hypothesis, We can have X as independent construct and Y as dependent construct. Z is the Moderating construct. X has reflective indicators X1-X2-X3, Y has Y1-Y2-Y3. Z has Z1, Z2, Z3. And we have Z1*X1, Z1*X2, and 7 others for the Interaction Effects’ construct.

But when I draw the three construct together, how I can know the Moderating effect is strong not weak? For example, X-> Y is 0.25; Z-> Y is -0.04; X*Z-> Y is 0.46. So can we say the negative relationship between Z and Y means Moderating Effect is strong (or weak)? And how to explain the positive 0.46 between the Interaction Effects (X*Z) and the dependent construct (Y)?

Thank you very much for your advice and time.

Also, what is the concept of ‘loadings’ and ‘weights’? Both SmartPLS 2.0 and AMOS 5 manual do not contain the two terms. Does Alpha means loadings and a small '1' in AMOS model means weights?

In terms of the Moderating Hypothesis, We can have X as independent construct and Y as dependent construct. Z is the Moderating construct. X has reflective indicators X1-X2-X3, Y has Y1-Y2-Y3. Z has Z1, Z2, Z3. And we have Z1*X1, Z1*X2, and 7 others for the Interaction Effects’ construct.

But when I draw the three construct together, how I can know the Moderating effect is strong not weak? For example, X-> Y is 0.25; Z-> Y is -0.04; X*Z-> Y is 0.46. So can we say the negative relationship between Z and Y means Moderating Effect is strong (or weak)? And how to explain the positive 0.46 between the Interaction Effects (X*Z) and the dependent construct (Y)?

Thank you very much for your advice and time.

Also, what is the concept of ‘loadings’ and ‘weights’? Both SmartPLS 2.0 and AMOS 5 manual do not contain the two terms. Does Alpha means loadings and a small '1' in AMOS model means weights?