Search found 821 matches

by cringle
Tue Sep 10, 2019 8:58 am
Forum: Application of PLS
Topic: Confusion with convergent validity with formative measure
Replies: 11
Views: 72471

Re: Confusion with convergent validity with formative measure

In that case you may need an additional formative indicator that helps to better cover the domain of formative construct.
by cringle
Sun Aug 25, 2019 9:26 am
Forum: Application of PLS
Topic: Interaction effects using PLS
Replies: 10
Views: 37829

Re: Interaction effects using PLS

Avoid the circle path and/or use the latent variables scores from a model without a circular relationship and estimate the structural model with the circular path by using 2SLS (e.g. in the R program).
by cringle
Sun Aug 25, 2019 9:23 am
Forum: FAQ (Methodology)
Topic: Categorical moderator variable
Replies: 2
Views: 7605

Re: Categorical moderator variable

I would use the actual age as a single continuous moderator. Thereby, you do not lose any information. Alternatively, compare the third of the youngest against the third of the oldest (leave the middle third out) in a multigroup analysis.
by cringle
Wed Aug 21, 2019 4:08 pm
Forum: SmartPLS Small Talk Corner
Topic: Reflective-Formative Validity
Replies: 1
Views: 24904

Re: Reflective-Formative Validity

Please take a look at this article which explains how to specify, estimate, and validate higher-order constructs in PLS-SEM: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/a ... 8219301223
by cringle
Wed Aug 21, 2019 4:05 pm
Forum: FAQ (Methodology)
Topic: IPMA - Include LVs with non-significant total effect ?
Replies: 2
Views: 2868

Re: IPMA - Include LVs with non-significant total effect ?

Insignficant total effects and negative ones (when you expect positive ones) are not reasonable for running an IPMA.
by cringle
Wed Aug 21, 2019 4:04 pm
Forum: FAQ (Methodology)
Topic: Indicators do not show up in Path Model but in Data View
Replies: 1
Views: 2885

Re: Indicators do not show up in Path Model but in Data View

That's usually the case when there are some string values in your dataset, where SmartPLS expects numerical values. Please inspect your dataset, again, and take a look at these instructions: https://www.smartpls.com/documentation/ ... ata-import
by cringle
Tue Jul 23, 2019 3:46 am
Forum: FAQ (Methodology)
Topic: Marker technique for testing common method bias in SmartPLS
Replies: 2
Views: 3121

Re: Marker technique for testing common method bias in SmartPLS

There is no established way to conduct the marker variable approach in PLS-SEM. Sometimes you see that all items become single item constructs and their constructs second-order constructs. Thereby, you can also create a relationship from the marker variable to every single indicator (besides the rel...
by cringle
Thu Apr 25, 2019 9:00 am
Forum: SmartPLS Small Talk Corner
Topic: Model Fit Measures for PLS-SEM
Replies: 7
Views: 25188

Re: Model Fit Measures for PLS-SEM

You may not use PLSc (PLSc, GoF and higher-order models may not fit well; in that combination, results are not available). If you really want to mimmic factor-models by using PLSc, as a work-araound, you may use two-stage approach for higher-order constructs.
by cringle
Mon Mar 18, 2019 10:08 am
Forum: Ongoing and Future Research
Topic: Level of analysis question
Replies: 9
Views: 64288

Re: Level of analysis question

We did not follow-up on this direction. As as work around, you may extract the unstandardized latent variable scores from the IPMA results report and run a "standard multilevel analysis" for the partial regression models.
by cringle
Sun Jan 13, 2019 3:17 pm
Forum: FAQ (Methodology)
Topic: HTMT discriminant validity
Replies: 21
Views: 29176

Re: HTMT discriminant validity

Thanks. Use the one or the other approach but with 5,000 bootstrap samples. However, your upper bound is above 1 which means that discriminant validity has not been established. Your confidence intervals are very wide. I suppose that you use a small sample (which would be a data problem) and/or a fu...
by cringle
Sun Jan 13, 2019 2:32 pm
Forum: FAQ (Methodology)
Topic: HTMT discriminant validity
Replies: 21
Views: 29176

Re: HTMT discriminant validity

You would like to do a one-sided test (or use a 10% probability of error with the 2-sided test) to obtain the upper bound at the 95% point (and not at 97.5%.
by cringle
Sun Jan 13, 2019 1:55 pm
Forum: Application of PLS
Topic: FIMIX exploratory variable
Replies: 3
Views: 11945

Re: FIMIX exploratory variable

You may exclude the potential explanatory variables form the model before running FIMIX-PLS. @FIMIX-PLS and segmentation: The book on advanced PLS-SEM issues by Hair et al. (2018) has a chapter on this topic: https://www.smartpls.com/documentation/learn-pls-sem-and-smartpls/book-on-advanced-pls-sem-...
by cringle
Sun Jan 13, 2019 1:43 pm
Forum: SmartPLS Small Talk Corner
Topic: reflective-reflective second order construct
Replies: 6
Views: 15240

Re: reflective-reflective second order construct

Thanks. To get started on second-order models, you may want to take a look at the respective chapter in the book advanced PLS-SEM issues by Hair et al. (2018): https://www.smartpls.com/documentation/learn-pls-sem-and-smartpls/book-on-advanced-pls-sem-issues "To begin with, in my Ph.D. thesis mo...
by cringle
Sun Jan 13, 2019 1:37 pm
Forum: SmartPLS Small Talk Corner
Topic: Different results in SmartPLS 3
Replies: 13
Views: 26652

Re: Different results in SmartPLS 3

Just double-click on the data-set in SmartPLS 3.
by cringle
Sun Jan 13, 2019 1:33 pm
Forum: FAQ (Methodology)
Topic: HTMT discriminant validity
Replies: 21
Views: 29176

Re: HTMT discriminant validity

Well, it's a little bit high. Can you get it below 0.9? Otherwise, bootstrap the HTMT (use complete bootstrapping in SmartPLS 3) and show that the HTMT is significantly lower than 1 (look at the upper bound of HTMT's bootstrap confidence interval).

Best
Christian