Multilevel factor analysis

Frequently asked questions about PLS path modeling.
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aam
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Joined: Fri Aug 24, 2018 11:51 am
Real name and title: Ali Alitaleb

Multilevel factor analysis

Post by aam » Fri Aug 24, 2018 12:12 pm

hello:
What is the procedure 2 level Confirmatory Factor Analysis in smartpls?

jmbecker
SmartPLS Developer
Posts: 842
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Real name and title: Dr. Jan-Michael Becker

Re: Multilevel factor analysis

Post by jmbecker » Mon Aug 27, 2018 7:53 am

There exists no method for multi-level PLS in the literature. Hence, SmartPLS does not offer such a feature.

The reasons is relatively simple: Usually, multi-level models require some form of maximum-likelihood estimation. However, PLS in non-parametric and avoids the need for ML estimation. Thus, if you need multi-level models, you need to go for CB-SEM (e.g., AMOS).

You may also consider whether multi-group analysis can solve some of your problems.
Dr. Jan-Michael Becker, University of Cologne, SmartPLS Developer
Researchgate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Ja ... v=hdr_xprf
GoogleScholar: http://scholar.google.de/citations?user ... AAAJ&hl=de

aam
PLS Junior User
Posts: 4
Joined: Fri Aug 24, 2018 11:51 am
Real name and title: Ali Alitaleb

Re: Multilevel factor analysis

Post by aam » Thu Aug 30, 2018 4:35 pm

hello. Thank you for your reply.
In some articles, we see Multilevel factor analysis.for example In the following article, Is there a mistake?

Wetzels, M., Odekerken-Schröder, G., & Van Oppen, C. (2009). Using PLS path modeling for assessing hierarchical construct models: Guidelines and empirical illustration. MIS quarterly, 177-195.

jmbecker
SmartPLS Developer
Posts: 842
Joined: Tue Mar 28, 2006 11:09 am
Real name and title: Dr. Jan-Michael Becker

Re: Multilevel factor analysis

Post by jmbecker » Fri Aug 31, 2018 7:39 am

I think there is a misunderstanding in the terminology. A multi-level factor analysis (or general a multilevel analysis) is something different that a hierarchical component model (also hierarchical constructs or higher-order constructs). Apparently, you wanted to do the later, which can be done in PLS and you already provided one usefull reference. Another useful source is Becker, J. M., Klein, K., & Wetzels, M. (2012). Hierarchical latent variable models in PLS-SEM: guidelines for using reflective-formative type models. Long Range Planning, 45(5-6), 359-394. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/a ... 0112000611

You will also find some information on our websites https://www.smartpls.com/documentation/ ... gher-order
Dr. Jan-Michael Becker, University of Cologne, SmartPLS Developer
Researchgate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Ja ... v=hdr_xprf
GoogleScholar: http://scholar.google.de/citations?user ... AAAJ&hl=de

aam
PLS Junior User
Posts: 4
Joined: Fri Aug 24, 2018 11:51 am
Real name and title: Ali Alitaleb

Re: Multilevel factor analysis

Post by aam » Fri Aug 31, 2018 11:41 pm

Thank you for your reply.

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