RED CONSTRUCTS

Frequently Asked Questions about the SmartPLS software. Please refer to this section first, if you have problems with the software.
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ALIUKM
PLS Junior User
Posts: 1
Joined: Fri Nov 03, 2017 5:09 pm
Real name and title: alireza

RED CONSTRUCTS

Post by ALIUKM » Fri Nov 03, 2017 5:18 pm

THE CONSTRUCTS HAVE SEVERAL DIMENSIONS. THE PROBLEM IS THE CONSTRUCTS ARE RED AND I CAN NOT PROCEED FOR PLS ALGORITHM. WHAT SHOULD I DO? I DO NOT WANT TO IGNORE THE DIMENSIONS

jmbecker
SmartPLS Developer
Posts: 842
Joined: Tue Mar 28, 2006 11:09 am
Real name and title: Dr. Jan-Michael Becker

Re: RED CONSTRUCTS

Post by jmbecker » Tue Nov 07, 2017 11:58 am

All constructs need indicators in PLS. Therefore you need to use approaches that try to identify the second-order constructs, which are usually either the repeated indicator approach or the two-stage approach.

You can find information on this issue in the following publications:
Becker, J.-M., K. Klein, and M. Wetzels (2012). Formative Hierarchical Latent Variable Models in PLS-SEM: Recommendations and Guidelines, Long Range Planning, 45 (5/6), 359-394.
Kuppelwieser, V., and M. Sarstedt (2014). Applying the Future Time Perspective Scale to Advertising Research, International Journal of Advertising, 33(1), 113-136.
Ringle, C. M., M. Sarstedt, and D. W. Straub (2012). A Critical Look at the Use of PLS-SEM in MIS Quarterly, MIS Quarterly, 36 (1), iii-xiv.
Hair, J. F., Sarstedt, M., Ringle, C. M., & Gudergan, S. P. 2018. Advanced Issues in Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Dr. Jan-Michael Becker, University of Cologne, SmartPLS Developer
Researchgate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Ja ... v=hdr_xprf
GoogleScholar: http://scholar.google.de/citations?user ... AAAJ&hl=de

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