Negative q2

Frequently Asked Questions about the SmartPLS software. Please refer to this section first, if you have problems with the software.
Post Reply
PLS Junior User
Posts: 1
Joined: Mon Oct 31, 2016 3:29 pm
Real name and title: Renata

Negative q2

Post by Renata3 » Mon Oct 31, 2016 3:33 pm

Dear all,
I have searched the web already but could not find an answer to my question.

My Q2 included and Q2 excluded are both positive, but since the value of Q2included is smaller, the q2 is negative.
I wondered what does it mean and how should I interpret it.

Thank you for your help.

SmartPLS Developer
Posts: 820
Joined: Tue Mar 28, 2006 11:09 am
Real name and title: Dr. Jan-Michael Becker

Re: Negative q2

Post by jmbecker » Thu Nov 17, 2016 11:42 am

It could mean that your model is overfitting to the data and thus it has a better predictive releavance without the focal predictor.

However, there are quite many issues with the q² (small q). You need to consider that your context of the model changes and also that the data imputation in the blindfolding procedure might change.
This is a very under-researched field and thats why we do not provide an automatic calculation of the q² effect size.

I would also test if you find a similar result using the new PLS predict (comparing the RMSE and MAPE of the model with and without the predictor). If you find a similar result, then in fact, your model has better predictive power without the focal variable.
Dr. Jan-Michael Becker, University of Cologne, SmartPLS Developer
Researchgate: ... v=hdr_xprf
GoogleScholar: ... AAAJ&hl=de

PLS Junior User
Posts: 1
Joined: Fri May 05, 2017 10:01 am
Real name and title: Ms Linda Ruit

Re: Negative q2

Post by lindaruit » Fri May 05, 2017 12:28 pm

Does a negative Q2 also mean that you cannot/do not have to calculate effect size q2?


User avatar
SmartPLS Developer
Posts: 791
Joined: Tue Sep 20, 2005 9:13 am
Real name and title: Prof. Dr. Christian M. Ringle
Location: Hamburg (Germany)

Re: Negative q2

Post by cringle » Thu May 18, 2017 3:48 pm

A negative Q² means that your model does not have predictive relevance. Why would you, then, compute the q² effect size? You can get the results but would it be of any use? Probably not too much.

Best regards

Post Reply